Exploring Scoliosis: Types and Implications

Understanding the Different Types of Scoliosis and Their Implications

back pain

Scoliosis is mostly related to the problems with either your spine or spinal cord. Scoliosis may progress to such an extreme state that surgery becomes necessary. A surgeon or a spine and pain specialist will use the procedure to reduce its severity by fusing together bones in the spine in order to straighten out its curve, improving spinal balance and relieving nerve pressure; relieving nerve pressure means reduced pain. People affected with severe types of Scoliosis typically return to regular activities within six months following this type of operation.

When scoliosis doesn't cause noticeable symptoms, a healthcare provider may employ a "watch and wait" approach for diagnosis. This involves examining the patient and taking X-rays to determine the extent of the condition. This method is often used for children with mild cases or those still in the growth phase. Periodic X-rays, typically every 6-12 months, may be necessary to monitor and ensure that the curvature doesn't progress. To learn more about the best-suited scoliosis treatments for you or your loved ones, it's highly advisable to reach out to Discover Optimal Healthcare now!

Understanding the Different Types of Scoliosis:

Congenital Scoliosis

Children with mild scoliosis are often unaware they have it; the subtle curves typically don't cause pain. Teachers, friends, or teammates usually notice when their spine has an unusual curve. Most cases of congenital Scoliosis are idiopathic, meaning doctors don't understand its source. There could be numerous causes; perhaps vertebrae didn't form correctly while gestating, or they fused, or there is a structural imbalance. Children usually exhibit infantile, juvenile, or adolescent idiopathic Scoliosis, which can generally be managed with close observation, bracing, scoliosis treatments, and surgery. 

Adolescence marks a period during which the spinal column undergoes an extension process that may help counteract compressive forces on an already curvier spine and prevent its progression. Surgery correction may be most effective for adolescents with curves less than 55 degrees at maturity.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is a rare form of scoliosis that develops during gestation. In some cases, infants and toddlers with mild congenital scoliosis may not require treatment, as it can improve with age. For older children, wearing a back brace may be beneficial to prevent the curvature from worsening until their growth has ceased. Based on the location and flexibility of a curvature, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) may provide an option to fuse the spine. While surgery does reduce movement between spinal segments, its impact will vary from patient to patient.

Neuromuscular Scoliosis results from another disorder of the brain or muscles, such as cerebral palsy or myelodysplasia in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Such forms of scoliosis carry an increased risk for progression during an adolescent growth spurt compared to other forms of scoliosis. Contact a medical expert at Discover Optimal Healthcare and book your appointment for further information on Scoliosis and the best-suited lower back pain treatment.

Degenerative Scoliosis

The spinal cord acts as a central foundation of the human body and is responsible for numerous functions. It supports our bodies while distributing mechanical stress evenly to absorb shock. Additionally, the spine's flexibility enables it to bend and twist with various movements throughout life. When viewed from the front, a normal spine appears straight, but when seen from the side, it exhibits three natural curves: cervical curvature in the neck, thoracic curvature in the chest area, and lumbar curvature in the lower back. These curves are supported by cushiony discs and facet joints, contributing to the maintenance of spinal alignment.

Degenerative Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curve of the spine caused by wear-and-tear wear on spinal discs and vertebrae, typically in the lumbar region, with symptoms including tingling sensations and pain in the back, buttocks, or legs. Lower back pain treatment usually occurs when symptoms such as a narrowed spinal canal or pinched nerves cause pain or numbness to manifest themselves. Typically, when symptoms like spinal stenosis arise due to the narrowing of the spinal canal and compression of nerves, individuals experience pain or numbness. Seeking relief becomes essential if there are accompanying symptoms such as tingling sensations or pain.

Nonstructural Scoliosis

Scoliosis, more often than not, can be defined by both curvatures and twisting of the spine, most frequently seen in the thoracic spine (the middle portion). As a result of this rotation, hips or shoulders may look uneven, clothes may fit differently, and it may become hard to breathe easily; additionally, ribs can rotate, causing one side to stick out more than the other. Get the best scoliosis treatments for your condition only at Discover Optimal Healthcare, one of the leading healthcare centers in Brookhaven, PA.

Scoliosis is an inherited condition caused by defects in vertebral development during gestation or infant development or can also result from herniated discs or cerebral palsy/muscular dystrophy. Although not curable, treatment options such as postural awareness training and specific scoliosis exercises may reduce pain and slow progression.


Scoliosis curves usually don't represent medical emergencies or cause significant pain; however, large curves may make walking or moving around more difficult and interfere with normal living patterns. Children diagnosed with Scoliosis may require a brace featuring expandable rods to prevent further progression of their condition. Healthcare professionals at Discover Optimal Healthcare may suggest bracing children with mild curves to help stop Scoliosis from worsening.

Scoliosis is a progressive condition, but proactive treatment can help prevent further worsening of the curve severity and associated symptoms. The classification of scoliosis varies based on factors such as the location of the curvature, the direction of the unnatural spinal curves, patient-specific variables, and more. Contact our spine and pain specialist at Discover Optimal Healthcare now for more information!